Anniversary-50 United States Agency for Astronomy, NASA

Starting from the curiosity of life other than on earth, the United States government established a special organization to investigate. Exactly 29 July, 50 years ago, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) began work to explore the outside angkasa.NASA not alone. Progress was so fast thanks to the spirit of competing with the competitor at that time, the Soviet Union. Launching of Sputnik 1 on October 4, 1957 marked the start of the space race.

Space does not mean race race race in outer space. This was interpreted as a competition, USA and the USSR (now Russia) during 1957 to 1975 to explore outer space, send humans there, and the main target, mendaratkannya at first bulan.Program NASA dubbed Project Mercury. A total of USD 2.7 billion invested to achieve the ambition land man on the moon. The amount of the budget that shows the seriousness of the government.

The researchers are working very hard. They not only launch satellites, but also carrying passengers. Then, on May 5, 1961, for the first time a pilot managed to fly with Mercury and orbit for 15 minutes. Happiness was swept Nasa headquarters in Washington DC, USA. However, it was only a small first step. Less than three weeks later, John F. Kennedy, U.S. president at that time, committed that NASA would land a man on the moon before that decade ended. A major step that then end the superiority of the USSR in the space race.

The USSR has 30 design spacecraft in 1964. Various science deployed to cope with fast acceleration a la NASA. Unfortunately, Russia is not supported by the organization and the commitment of the communist government. Mainstay of Russian scientists Sergey Korolyov led the project that manned aircraft. However, again the Russians face misfortune. Korolyov died two years later. Russian space program was again inhibited.

In the midst of instability, the NASA design the Apollo 11. Extraordinary project. A total of 400 thousand people involved. Support 20 thousand companies and universities were obtained. The spirit of the American people can be seen from the investment of USD 135 billion or approximately USD 1.2 trillion.
\Pride was seen when the Apollo 11 landing on the moon on July 20, 1969. It was witnessed by one-fifth of the world's population via television. However, until now many people doubt the truth of these phenomenal events.\
The spirit of President Kennedy at that time to trigger the nation's ambitions. Now they not only want more than just land on the moon. They plan could feel the surface of Mars in 2037. Michael D. Griffin, NASA administrator, said, "In 2057, we will celebrate 20 years of landing humans on Mars."

Nearest plan, NASA began to build offices on the moon in 2020. In four years, it is expected to be fully functional. Similar to the International Space Station (ISS). But, apparently, will be many obstacles ahead. NASA's budget spent too big. Thus, after 12 years developing mission to the moon, they could not carry out space missions when ini.Pemerintah United States began to think divert investment into areas of more urgent. Barrack Obama, one U.S. presidential candidate, said that NASA is no longer inspiring. "A child in the UK more confident that Winston Churchill was the first person who landed on the moon," he said

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by : Eko Tri Prastyo
    SMAN 1 Madiun | Jurusan Teknik Elektro dan Teknologi Informasi UGM'12 | @triprastyoeko | eko tri prastyo

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